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Ἡ ἐντολή τοῦ Χριστοῦ γιὰ τὴν ἀγάπη (Λουκ.6, 31-30) / Anthony Bloom (Metropolitan of Sourozh (1914- 2003)

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Εἰς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ Πατρὸς καὶ τοῦ Υἱοῦ καὶ τοῦ Ἁγίου Πνεύματος.

Πολλές φορὲς ὁ Χριστὸς μᾶς μιλάει στὸ Εὐαγγέλιο Του γιὰ τὴν νέα ἐντολὴ ποὺ μᾶς ἔδωσε. Τί καινούργιο ὑπάρχει σὲ τούτη τὴν ἐντολὴ τῆς ἀγάπης; Εἶναι ἡ ἁγνότητα καὶ ἡ σπουδαιότητα της. Δὲν εἶναι καινούργιο ὅτι οἱ ἄνθρωποι ἀγαποῦν ὁ ἕνας τὸν ἄλλον· οἱ ἄνθρωποι πάντοτε ἀγαποῦσαν κάποιους ἄλλους ἀνθρώπους. Αὐτὸ ποὺ εἶναι καινούργιο σ’ αὐτή τὴν ἐντολὴ εἶναι ν’ ἀποκτήσουμε μιὰ καρδιὰ μὲ τὸν Οὐράνιο Πατέρα μας, νὰ συμμετέχουμε στὴν ἀγάπη Του. Αὐτὸ σημαίνει νὰ ἀγαπᾶμε μὲ τὸν ἴδιο τρόπο ποὺ ἀγαπᾶ κι’ Ἐκεῖνος, - ποὺ δὲν ξεχωρίζει τὸ καλὸ ἀπὸ τὸ κακό, ποὺ δὲν ξεχωρίζει ἐκείνους ποὺ εἶναι εὐγνώμονες καὶ ἐκείνους ποὺ εἶναι ἀχάριστοι, νὰ μὴν ἀναφέρω ἐκείνους ποὺ ἴσως γοητεύουν κάποιον. Ἡ ἀγάπη τοῦ Θεοῦ εἶναι ἀπέραντη καὶ βαθιὰ καὶ ἀγκαλιάζει τὰ πάντα· αὐτὸ ποὺ διαφέρει σ’ αὐτή τὴν ἀγάπη εἶναι μιὰ ἐσωτερικὴ ποιότητα : ὁ Θεός μπορεῖ νὰ χαίρεται καὶ μπορεῖ νὰ πληρώσει τὸ τίμημα τῆς ἀγάπης Του ἐπάνω στὸν Σταυρό.

Καὶ καλούμαστε νὰ κάνουμε τὸ ἴδιο· καλούμαστε νὰ ἀγαπᾶμε χωρὶς διακριση – οἱ ἄνθρωποι ποὺ δὲν ζοῦν σύμφωνα μὲ τὸ Εὐαγγέλιο θὰ ἔλεγαν ὅτι φερόμαστε ἀδιάκριτα, ἀνόητα, τρελά – καλούμαστε νὰ ἀγαπήσουμε ὁλόψυχα ἐκείνους ποὺ ἔχουν δίκιο καὶ ἐκείνους ποὺ ἔχουν ἄδικο. Ἡ διαφορὰ ἔγκειται στὸ γεγονὸς ὅτι ἴσως χαιρόμαστε μὲ τοὺς πρώτους καὶ πληγώνεται ἡ καρδιά μας μὲ τοὺς δεύτερους, ἀλλὰ ἡ ἀγάπη μας δὲν πρέπει νὰ παραπαίει. Ὅλοι γνωρίζουμε πὼς μποροῦμε νὰ ἀγαπᾶμε λίγο αὐτοὺς ποὺ ἀγαπᾶμε φυσικά, καὶ ἀναρωτιόμαστε πῶς μποροῦμε ἀπὸ τὴν μικρὴ ἀγάπη ποὺ ἔχουμε πρὸς τοὺς λίγους, νὰ καλλιεργήσουμε μιὰ ἀγάπη μεγαλύτερη, καὶ ἀγαπώντας ἐκείνους ποὺ εἶναι ἀξιαγάπητοι, νὰ ξεκινήσουμε νὰ ἀγαπᾶμε ἐκείνους ποὺ δὲν εἶναι.

Τὸ πρῶτο βῆμα ποὺ πρέπει νὰ κάνουμε εἶναι νὰ ἀγαπήσουμε ἐκείνους ποὺ ἀγαπᾶμε αὐθόρμητα μ’ ἕνα καινούργιο τρόπο: νὰ τοὺς ἀγαπᾶμε πάντα, καὶ ὄχι μόνο τὶς στιγμὲς ποὺ μᾶς εἶναι εὔκολο, νὰ τοὺς ἀγαπᾶμε δίχως νὰ περιμένουμε τίποτα ἄλλο παρὰ τὴν χαρὰ νὰ τοὺς ἀγαπᾶμε καὶ νὰ δεχόμαστε τὴν κάθε ἀγάπη σὲ ἀπάντηση τῆς δικῆς μας ἀγάπης σὰν ἕνα δῶρο τέλειο, ἅγιο, ποὺ εἶναι ἕνα θαῦμα, ἀλλὰ ποὺ δὲν εἶναι ἀνταμοιβή, δὲν εἶναι κάτι στὸ ὁποῖο ἔχουμε δικαίωμα, ἀλλὰ κάτι ποὺ μᾶς ἔχει δοθεῖ ἐλεύθερα, τέλεια, κάτι ποὺ γεμίζει τὴν καρδιά μας μὲ θαυμασμὸ καὶ εὐγνωμοσύνη.

Πρέπει νὰ μάθουμε ν’ ἀγαπᾶμε χωρὶς νὰ περιμένουμε ἀνταμοιβή, ἁπλῶς νὰ χαιρόμαστε τὸ θαῦμα τῆς ἀγάπης ποὺ θὰ μᾶς ἐπιτρέψει νὰ χαιρόμαστε ὅταν συμβαίνει κάτι μὲ τὸ ὁποῖο μποροῦμε νὰ χαροῦμε καὶ νὰ χαιρόμαστε ξανὰ ὅταν ἐκεῖνοι ποὺ ἀγαπᾶμε θὰ ἔχουν χάσει τὰ πάντα ἐκτὸς ἀπὸ τὴν ἀγάπη μας, ποὺ θὰ τοὺς ἔχει τουλάχιστον ἀπομείνει, τουλάχιστον κάτι ποὺ ποτὲ δὲν θὰ τοὺς τὸ στερήσουμε.

Καὶ πρέπει νὰ μάθουμε ν’ ἀγαπᾶμε ὁ ἕνας τὸν ἄλλον σύμφωνα μὲ τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ Εὐαγγελίου: ὄχι ἁπλῶς νὰ κάνουμε τὸ καλὸ σὲ κάποιους ἀνθρώπους, ἀλλὰ νὰ σκεφτόμαστε ποιὸ εἶναι ἀληθινὰ καλὸ γιὰ ἕνα πρόσωπο. Δὲν μιλάω γιὰ τὸν σκληρὸ τρόπο ποὺ συνεχῶς ὁρίζουμε στοὺς ἄλλους αὐτὸ ποὺ θεωροῦμε ὅτι εἶναι ἡ εὐτυχία τους καὶ τὸ καλὸ τους, καὶ τὸν τρόπο μὲ τὸν ὁποῖο πιέζουμε, ἤ ποὺ προσπαθοῦμε νὰ πιέσουμε προκειμένου νὰ εἶναι εὐτυχισμένοι μὲ τὸν τρόπο ποὺ ἐμεῖς θέλουμε νὰ εἶναι. Ὄχι· σκέφτομαι κάποιον ἄλλο τρόπο προσεκτικῆς ἀναζήτησης γιὰ τὸ καλό τους: ποτὲ νὰ μὴν στηρίζουμε τὴν ἀδυναμία τους ἀφήνοντας τὰ πράγματα νὰ ἐξελίσσονται ὡς ἔχουν, ποτὲ νὰ μὴν κλείνουμε τὰ μάτια μας σὲ ὅ,τι εἶναι γι’ αὐτοὺς καταστροφικό, νὰ λέμε τὴν ἀλήθεια μὲ ἔλεος, νὰ τοὺς ἀγαπᾶμε ἔτσι ὥστε νὰ οἰκοδομοῦνται καὶ ὄχι νὰ καταστρέφονται.

Ἄν ξεκινήσουμε νὰ ἀγαπᾶμε καλύτερα ἐκείνους ποὺ ἀγαπᾶμε αὐθόρμητα καὶ φυσικά, ἡ καρδιὰ μας θὰ γίνει πιὸ καθαρή, πιὸ ἁγνὴ καὶ πιὸ μεγάλη, καὶ θὰ μάθουμε νὰ ἀγαπᾶμε τοὺς ἀνθρώπους, ἴσως μονάχα ἕνα πρόσωπο, καὶ μετὰ ἕνα ἄλλο, καὶ ξανὰ ἕνα ἄλλο, μὲ μεγαλύτερο τίμημα, μὲ μεγαλύτερη ἁγνότητα, μὲ λιγότερο ἐγωϊσμό, μὲ μιὰ μακρόθυμη καρδιά.

Ἄς ξεκινήσουμε ἀπὸ αὐτὸ καὶ ὁ Θεὸς θὰ μᾶς ὁδηγήσει στὴν ἀγάπη ἐκείνη ποὺ μᾶς καλεῖ νὰ ἀποκτήσουμε καὶ νὰ μοιραστοῦμε, μιὰ ἀγάπη ποὺ εἶναι προσφορὰ τοῦ ἑαυτοῦ μας, ποὺ εἶναι φῶς, χαρά, πίστη, ποὺ εἶναι τὸ ξεκίνημα τῆς αἰωνιότητας ἐδῶ καὶ τώρα. Ἀμήν.

23 Νοεμβρίου 1969


Ἀπόδοση κειμένου: www.agiazoni.gr


Πρωτότυπο κείμενο


Christ’s commandment of love

1969, 23 November


In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost.

Many a time does Christ in His Gospel tell us of the new commandment which He has given us. What is new in this commandment of love? It is the height and the purity of its standard. It is not new that people love one another; peoples have always loved certain other people. What is new in this commandment of Christ is that we are told to be of one heart with our Heavenly Father, to participate in His love. That is to love in the same way in which He does, - He Who does not distinguish between the good and the bad, Who does not distinguish between people who are grateful and those who are ungrateful, not to mention those to whom one may be attracted or not. The love of God is vast and deep and all-embracing; what varies in this love is some internal quality: God may rejoice, and God may pay the cost of His love upon the Cross.

And we are called to the same; we are called to love without discrimination - people who are not of Gospel would say without discernment, foolishly, madly - we are called to love as wholeheartedly those who are right and those who are wrong. The difference will lie in the fact that we may rejoice in the ones and be brokenhearted for the others, but our love must not falter. We all know how to love a little those whom we naturally love, and we ask ourselves how can we, from this simple love of the few, grow to a wider love, and from loving those who are lovable, begin to love those who are not.

The first step which we must take is to learn to love those whom we love spontaneously in a new way: to love them always and not only at such moments when it is easy, to love them without expecting anything except the joy of loving them, and to receive any love in response to ours as a perfect, free, holy, fragrant gift which is a miracle, but which is not a reward, not something we have a right to, something which is freely and perfectly given, something that fills our heart with amazement and with gratitude.

We must learn to love without waiting for a reward, simply rejoicing in the miracle of love that will allow us to rejoice when there is something about which we can rejoice and also brokenheartedly; to rejoice again when those whom we love have lost everything except our love, at least that is left to them, at least this we shall never take away from them. And we must learn to love each other in the spirit of the Gospel: not simply to do good to certain people, or to many, but to think what is the true good for a person. O, I do not mean the cruel way in which we continually define for others what we believe to be their happiness and their good, and in which we force, or try to force people into being happy the way we want them to be happy. No, I am thinking of another kind of thoughtful search for their good: never support their weakness by letting things go on, never close your eyes on what is destructive for them, speak the truth in charity, love them so that they should be built up and not destroyed.

If we begin to love in a better way those whom we love spontaneously and naturally, our heart will become clearer, purer and wider, and we will learn to love people, one more person perhaps, and then one more, and then another again, at a greater cost, with a greater purity, with less selfishness, with a more generous heart.

Let us begin at this simple level, and God will lead us into the kind of love He calls us to possess and to share, a love which is life-giving, which is a light, which is a joy, which is faith, which is a beginning of eternity here and now. Amen.

 


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Βρίσκεσθε εδώ: Ορθοδόξου οικοδομής Ἡ ἐντολή τοῦ Χριστοῦ γιὰ τὴν ἀγάπη (Λουκ.6, 31-30) / Anthony Bloom (Metropolitan of Sourozh (1914- 2003)